Radar scattering from sea surfaces

This research topic is devoted to the modelling of the HF (3-30 MHz) and microwave (1-20 GHz) normalized radar cross sections (NRCS) of random rough sea surfaces. The models are based on rigorous approaches, like the method of moments with accelerations and, on asymptotic theories, especially developed for a sea surface. This research also includes the scattering from oil slicks on sea surfaces and radar propagation in ducting environments.

Related Published Papers

N. Pinel, C. Bourlier, I. Sergievskaya, N. Longépé and G. Hajduch, Asymptotic modeling of three-dimensional radar backscattering from oil slicks on sea Surfaces, Remote Sensing, 14, 981. https ://doi.org/10.3390/rs14040981, 2022.

A. Mainvis, V. Fabbro, C. Bourlier, H.-J. Mametsa and P. Borderies, Surface Film Characterization from X-to-K-Band Radar Signal Inversion, a Wind-Wave-Pool Experiment, PIER B, Vol. 87, pp. 93–110, 2020.

C. Bourlier, Low-grazing angle propagation and scattering by an object above a highly-conducting rough sea surface in a ducting environment from an accelerated MoM, Waves in Random and Complex Media, In press, pp. 1-19, 2018.

C. Bourlier, Upwind-downwind asymmetry of the sea backscattering normalized Radar cross section versus the skewness function, IEEE Trans. Geos. Rem. Sens., vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 17-24, 2018.

C. Bourlier, Propagation and scattering in ducting maritime environments from an accelerated boundary integral equation, IEEE Trans. Ant. Prop., vol. 64, no. 11, pp. 4794-4803, 2016.

D. Cvetkovic, C. Bourlier and N. Pinel, Ament model for multiple rebounds from rough sea surfaces in a stratifided medium and validation from the MoM-based multi-level SDIM, IEEE Trans. Ant. Prop., vol. 64, no. 7, pp. 3094-3107, 2016.

C. Bourlier, S. Bellez, H. Li and G. Kubické, Sub-Domain Decomposition Iterative Method combined With ACA: An efficient technique for the scattering from a large highly-conducting rough sea surface, IEEE Trans. Ant. Prop., vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 659-666, 2015.

C. Bourlier, H. Li and N. Pinel, Low-grazing angle propagation and scattering above a sea surface in presence of a duct jointly solved by the boundary integral equations, IEEE Trans. Ant. Prop., vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 667-677, 2015.

G. Kubické, C. Bourlier, S. Bellez and H. Li, Fast EPILE+FBSA Method Combined with Adaptive Cross Approximation for the Scattering from a Target above a Large Ocean-Like Surface, PIER M, vol. 37, pp. 175-182, 2014.

N. Pinel, B. Chapron, C. Bourlier, N. de Beaucoudrey, R. Garello and A. Ghaleb, Statistical analysis of Real Aperture Radar field backscattered from sea surfaces under moderate winds by Monte-Carlo simulations, IEEE Trans. Geos. Rem. Sens., vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 6459-6470, 2014.

N. Pinel, C. Bourlier and I. Sergievskaya, Two-dimensional radar backscattering modeling of oil-slicks at sea based on the model of local balance: Validation of two asymptotic techniques for thick films, IEEE Trans. Geos. Rem. Sens., vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 2326-2338, 2014.

C. Bourlier and N. Pinel, Spatial Green function of a constant medium overlying a duct with linear-square refractive index profile, IEEE Trans. Ant. Prop., vol. 61, no. 6, pp. 3172-3181, 2013.

C. Bourlier and G. Kubické, HF ground wave propagation over a curved rough sea surface in the presence of islands, Waves in Random and Complex Media, vol. 21, no. 3, 2011.

C. Bourlier and G. Kubické, HF ground wave propagation over a curved rough sea surface, Waves in Random and Complex Media, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 23-43, 2011.

C. Bourlier and G. Kubické, Ground wave propagation along an inhomogeneous rough surface in the HF band: Millington effect for a flat Earth, IEEE Trans. Geos. Rem. Sens., vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 1374-1382, 2011.

C. Bourlier and G. Kubické, Rigorous prediction of the Zenneck surface wave above flat and rough highly-conducting one-dimensional sea surfaces in VHF band, IEEE Trans. Ant. Prop., vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 271-280, 2011.

C. Bourlier and N. Pinel, Low-Frequency limit of unified models for backscattering from ocean-like surfaces, IEEE Geos. Rem. Sens. Letters, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 506-510, 2010.

G. Kubické, C. Bourlier and J. Saillard, Monostatic Radar Cross Section of an object above a sea surface from a rigorous method, Comptes-rendus Physiques de l’Académie des sciences, vol. 11, pp. 68-75, 2010.

G. Kubické, C. Bourlier and J. Saillard, Scattering from canonical objects above a sea-like 1D rough surface from a rigorous fast method, Waves in Random and Complex Media, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 156-178, 2010.

C. Bourlier and N. Pinel, Numerical implementation of local unified models for backscattering from random rough sea surfaces, Waves in Random and Complex Media , vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 455-479, 2009.

Y. Brelet and C. Bourlier, SPM numerical results from an effective surface impedance for a one-dimensional perfectly-conducting rough sea surface, Progress In Electromagnetic Research, Vol. 81, pp. 413-436, 2008.

N. Pinel, N. Déchamps and C. Bourlier, Modeling of the bistatic electromagnetic scattering from sea surfaces covered in oil for microwave applications, IEEE Trans. Geos. Rem. Sens., vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 385-392, 2008.

N. Pinel, C. Bourlier and J. Saillard, Forward Radar propagation over oil slicks on sea surfaces using the Ament model with shadowing effect, Progress In Electromagnetic Research, vol. 76 , pp. 95-126, 2007.

N. Pinel and C. Bourlier, Rayleigh parameter of a rough layer : Application to forward radar propagation over oil slicks on sea surfaces under the Ament model, Micro. Opt. Tech. Letters, vol. 49, no. 9, pp. 2285-2290, 2007.

V. Fabbro, C. Bourlier and P. F. Combes, Forward propagation modeling above Gaussian rough surfaces by the Parabolic Wave Equation: Introduction of the shadowing effect, Progress In Electromagnetic Research, vol. 58, pp. 243-269, 2006.

C. Bourlier, N. Déchamps and G. Berginc, Comparison of asymptotic backscattering models (SSA, WCA and LCA) from one-dimensional ocean-like surfaces, IEEE Trans. Ant. Prop., vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 1640-1652, 2005.

C. Bourlier, Azimuthal harmonic coefficients of the microwave backscattering from a non-Gaussian ocean surface with the first-order SSA model, IEEE Trans. Geos. Rem. Sens., vol. 42, no. 11, pp. 2600-2611, 2004.

C. Bourlier and G. Berginc, Microwave analytical backscattering models from randomly rough anisotropic sea surface - Comparison with experimental data in C and Ku bands, Progress In Electromagnetic Research, vol. 37, pp. 31-78, 2002.